THE BLACK WOMAN’S GUIDE TO THE 2020 Election
TABLE OF CONTENTS
As we write this guide, there’s American carnage (to borrow a phrase) on the U.S. political scene.
- President Trump has been impeached by the U.S. House of Representatives for bribing a foreign government and trying to rig the next election. Unfortunately, his corrupt actions were deemed A-OK by the Republican members of the Senate, who voted to acquit.
- American intelligence officials have reported that Russians are interfering in our elections (AGAIN) to help reelect Trump.
- The Democratic Party fumbled the ball in the first presidential nominating contest in Iowa, and while we still have several people running for POTUS, none of them are Black or representative of the party’s base.
- Even as the economy grows, Black women are still suffering from unequal and low wages, costly or no health care, unprecedented student loan debt, and a lack of the savings and seed capital to get ahead.
What’s a Black woman to do?
We have to admit it—we’ve spent more than a few nights sitting on the couch, eating ice cream, and asking the same question. But since overeating never changed anything, we decided to write this election guide.
We hope you use it to stay optimistic and get engaged, because as crazy as our country may seem, the 2020 elections are still an excellent opportunity for us to:
- Be heard at every level of government
- Lift up the issues that matter most to us
- Elect more of our own and ensure fair representation
- Build y(our) political power
Never forget. Black women—like you—are powerful. (Even the Russians have figured this out!) And our superpower is collective action. When we fight together, we win!
In love and solidarity,
BlackHer is a media and membership company created by and for Black women. We’re amplifying our leadership and educating and inspiring each other to act for progressive change. Join us!
“If you hear the dogs, KEEP GOING. If you see the torches in the woods, KEEP GOING. If there’s shouting after you, KEEP GOING. Don’t ever stop. KEEP GOING. If you want a taste of freedom, KEEP GOING.
6 EASY steps to get your vote on!
The experts agree that 2020 could be one of our biggest election years ever! That’s exciting, but it also means that there could be trouble ahead for Black voters. Trump and the Republican Party have shown us time and time again that they are determined to block our political power. In many states, make no mistake, they will try to stop us from voting.
According to Carol Anderson, Emory University professor and author of One Person, No Vote:
“The only way that Republicans can protect themselves and a rogue president is to suppress the votes of minorities, the young, and the poor (all of whom vote overwhelmingly for Democrats). In 2020, we’re poised to see more voter intimidation, criminalizing of voter registration drives, disguised poll taxes, attempts to maintain extreme partisan gerrymandered districts, draconian and flawed voter roll purges, squashing access to voting on college campuses, widespread purchase of hackable voting machines, and a slew of unqualified, rightwing judges appointed to the federal bench to provide legal sanction to the destruction of democracy.”
Given all this, what can you do? Here are several things that you can do right now to prepare for your state elections, primaries, and Election Day on November 3, 2020.
1. REGISTER, REGISTER, REGISTER.
- If you are not registered to vote, you can’t vote, so…you need to register now!
- If you are not sure if you are registered or if you are concerned that you might have been removed from the election rolls, check here! (If you’ve moved in the last few years—even if only to the apartment next door—it’s especially important to check.)
- If you haven’t registered yet, change that now. Register to vote online through Vote.org.
- Find the deadlines for registration in your state here, along with handy-dandy online voter registration forms. Simply click on the name of your state.
Please note: Most states require new voters to register several weeks before the election in order for them to be allowed to vote on election day. Go register, now!
2. VOTE EARLY!
What is early voting? Early voting is just what it sounds like—voting early! It takes place in person on certain scheduled days before November 3, 2020, which is Election Day. Many states also allow early voting for state primaries.
Pro tip: You can vote early even if you are capable of getting to the polls on Election Day.
Early voting is THE BEST because you can avoid the long lines and other hassles that might exist on November 3, 2020.
Find out if your state has early voting by looking here. And go put that ballot in the box early on!
3. CHECK TO SEE IF YOU NEED AN ID.
This is a biggie. We know that folks are being stopped from voting because of restrictive voter ID laws and/or uninformed poll workers. So you need to know your rights!
Check here for voter ID laws to determine what (if any) verification is needed to cast your vote in your state. Be prepared and know what you need to bring before you get to your polling place.
4. CONFIRM THE LOCATION OF YOUR POLLING PLACE.
Ladies, do not assume that your polling place is the same as it was in the last election. One of the new tricks to block registered voters (like us!) from voting is to close polling places without notice to those affected.
Check the location of your polling place before you head out to vote by contacting your local board of elections or by going to Vote.Org’s polling locator.
To use this site, scroll down the page and use the section that directs you to your state. It requires you to type in your personal information to confirm that you are a registered voter before you can locate your polling place.
5. CAN’T VOTE IN PERSON? CAST AN ABSENTEE BALLOT.
What is an absentee ballot? If you can’t get to the polls, you may be able to vote via absentee ballot. Absentee voting, aka “mail-in voting,” is conducted before Election Day. All states mail ballots to voters if certain conditions are met. The voter may then return the ballot in person or by mail.
Please note: Rules for absentee voting vary by state. For example, some states require voters to provide a reason for voting by absentee ballot, while others offer absentee voting on demand. Some states even let voters apply for an absentee ballot in person before Election Day and then vote the ballot that same day.
The point is, you need to know the rules for your state.
6. CAN’T CAST THAT BALLOT? CALL A LAWYER!
From the precinct bosses to the election judges, there are lots of actors who have a role to play in protecting the integrity of our election process. Things usually go well. You vote, and you get an “I VOTED” sticker! But occasionally problems arise. In those instances, some of the most helpful actors can be the lawyers who are on guard, either in person or by telephone, to provide election protection.
For Election Day 2020, the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under Law will be on location, looking out for the electorate. In other instances, they will only be a phone call away. They are “the nation’s largest nonpartisan voter protection coalition of more than 100 partners,” and they lead election protection efforts nationwide.
Their dedicated team of trained legal and grassroots volunteers helps all American voters, including traditionally disenfranchised groups. For more information about Election Protection and the 866-OUR-VOTE hotline, visit www.866ourvote.org.
Take the hotline number with you on election day. If there are no onsite lawyers and you need help with a voting issue, call the hotline.
That’s it! You’re ready for the 2020 election.
“Every year we have an opportunity to not only change government, to not only improve our communities, but to create a real democracy that works for everyone. I know politics is exhausting sometimes but I will never get tired of fighting for my communities.”
What is the 2020 Election?
Mark your calendar! The 2020 U.S. election will be held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020.
All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, 35 of the 100 seats in the U.S. Senate, and the office of president of the United States are up for grabs. In addition, we will elect hundreds of state and local officials and 13 governors.
Before we get to the November election, we have a lot of work to do to nominate our favorite candidates and get them on the ballots. This means participating in primaries (and caucuses), which start in February.
Pro tip: We hold primaries and elections for local legislators and for legislators who represent us in Washington, D.C. Your state may have two primaries. So be sure to check!
WHAT’S A PRIMARY? GLAD YOU ASKED!
Primaries are earlier elections where each political party chooses the candidate who will be their representative on the November ballot. To use a sports metaphor, you can’t get to the “finals” (2020 elections) until you win the semifinals (2020 primaries). So it’s very important to vote in your primary to ensure that your candidate goes all the way!
SO WHAT AND WHO CARES?
That’s kind of a rhetorical question. We know that for most Black women, voting is a habit, so we will be at the polls. We care, a lot! But just in case you or someone you know isn’t convinced that they should exercise their power in the 2020 political process, here are five important reasons to get your vote on!
1. DONALD TRUMP HAS GOT TO GO.
We know that Donald Trump represents a clear and present danger to the economic, social, mental, and physical well-being of Black women. For that alone, he has to go. But he’s also a threat to our democracy. That’s why he was impeached by Congress and is being investigated by several federal and state prosecutors. This is our chance to boot him out of Washington and start to reverse the damage he has caused. For that to happen, we need to commit to vote for the Democratic nominee once the primaries are over, no matter who it is. “Vote blue, no matter who” may not feel inspiring, but the prospect of having a president who isn’t a criminally deranged madman certainly is!
There is also much more than the White House at stake this year. Let us explain!
2. THE COURTS ARE BECOMING EXTREMELY CONSERVATIVE.
In his three years in office, Trump—with considerable help from Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, who refused to fill court vacancies when Obama was president—has appointed two justices to the Supreme Court and more than 300 judges at the federal, district, and circuit court levels. A recent Vox article notes that no president in recent history has done as much to change the judiciary as Trump. This is definitely not good for us.
His appointees are hardcore conservatives, many of whom—according to judicial screeners at the American Bar Association—are not even qualified for their jobs. Yet they are positioned to make decisions about issues important to us, like voting rights, reproductive justice, fair housing, environmental protection, and more. They can set progress back for generations.
We must install new senators who will resist the push to politicize the courts. We must also call, write, and email our senators and tell them to vote against confirming these judges. Click here to find out who your senator is if you are unsure. Then phone them via the U.S. Capitol Switchboard at (202) 224-3121. We should also ask all candidates for the House of Representatives and Senate what their plans are to protect the courts and our rights. No one should get our vote without being asked to address this issue.
3. Partisan Gerrymandering Has Got to STOP.
The 2020 census is right around the corner, and we need to make sure that #BlackWomenCount. Most people think of the census as important for knowing how many people live in the United States. That’s correct, but it’s also about how boundaries for congressional and state districts get determined and how many elected representatives we get.
Republicans will cheat, gerrymander, and try their hardest to make sure they have as many chances as possible to be in power. Though the 2018 midterms brought some gains for Democrats, Republicans still hold control of the majority of state legislatures and governorships. And guess who draws the congressional and legislative districts in most states—that’s right, state legislatures. That means that the state legislators we elect in 2020 will use the results of the 2020 census to determine how to reapportion our state and congressional districts in 2021.
Federal funds to state and local governments and communities for education programs, aid to our families, housing grants, and more also come from the census. You will most likely receive your census form in the mail. So, get counted by filling it out, and make sure we get the representation and federal funding we need.
Pro tip: Gerrymandering is intentionally manipulating the boundaries of voting districts to give an advantage to one group or party, and today it is often used to dilute the power of Black and Democratic voters.
4. THE GOP-CONTROLLED SENATE IS STYMIEING US.
Winning back the presidency will be a huge step forward, but we won’t be able to make transformative change for ourselves and our families unless we flip the Republican-controlled Senate. That’s why it’s important to pay attention to and support Senate races in key states, even in states where you are not a resident.
According to Steve Phillips, founder of Democracy in Color, there are 12 states in particular where Democrats could be elected to the Senate. See the chart below.
|2020 Senate Seat||Winnability Rating|
If you live in one of these Senate swing states, please, dear God, VOTE! If you live in another state, learn more about Democratic candidates like Amy McGrath and John Hickenlooper, who are vying for these seats in Kentucky and Colorado, respectively, and consider donating to their campaigns. Let’s take the Senate in 2020!
5. WHEN WE FIGHT, WE WIN!
We already know that when we fight together, we win. Here’s a reminder of our success.
In 2018, we turned the U.S. House of Representatives blue, got close to electing America’s first Black woman governor in Georgia (we still have high hopes that Stacey Abrams will run for president someday!) and restored the right to vote to 1.4 million Floridians with felony convictions.
In 2019, we helped turn Virginia blue, giving Democrats control of the State Senate and House of Delegates and making it possible for Virginia to be the 38th state in the union to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment. (Thank you, Delegate Jennifer D. Carroll Foy!)
In 2020, we’ve got a chance to elect a Democrat to the U.S. Senate in Georgia, and even Texas (yes, Texas!) is bracing for a blue wave in 2020. Instead of building walls, Black women are taking over the South and building community and an infrastructure that can advance more inclusive governance for the future. Yes, we can!
If we all vote on November 3, 2020, we will keep the U.S. House of Representatives blue, and our votes can turn the U.S. Senate blue as well. #WhenWeFightWeWin
“FREEDOM IS NEVER REALLY WON. YOU EARN IT AND WIN IT IN EVERY GENERATION.”
When and Where Does Voting Take Place?
ELECTION DAY IS NOVEMBER 3, 2020.
With statewide elections and a presidential election on the horizon, there’s a whole lot of voting to do in 2020. It’s important to take part in every election. And that means getting organized.
From now until June, Democratic presidential primaries or caucuses will be held in all 50 states. The presidential field is particularly crowded this year. Don’t miss the opportunity to vote in your primary to help narrow the field. On November 3, 2020, we’ll all vote for the candidate who wins the most delegates. (Delegates are the people selected by each state Democratic Party to vote for a particular candidate at the Democratic National Convention in July, when the presidential nominee will be chosen. In most states, delegates are apportioned based on how many votes each candidate gets in that state’s primary or caucus.)
See below for the date of the presidential primary in your state.
Pro tip: Some states allow early voting in the primaries to make it easier for you to cast your ballot.
|Alabama||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Arkansas||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|California||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Colorado||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|District of Columbia||June 2|
|Maine||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Massachusetts||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Minnesota||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|New Hampshire||February 11|
|New Jersey||June 2|
|New Mexico||June 2|
|New York||April 28|
|North Carolina||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|North Dakota||March 10|
|Oklahoma||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Rhode Island||April 28|
|South Carolina||February 29|
|South Dakota||June 2|
|Tennessee||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Texas||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Utah||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Vermont||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|Virginia||March 3 – Super Tuesday!|
|West Virginia||May 12|
As mentioned above, we’re voting this year for people to represent us in Washington, D.C., and also for our local representatives (like state senators, governors, mayors, etc.). Go to the National Conference of State Legislatures to learn more and to find the date of your primary for state and local offices.
“Let’s stand together, stick together, and work together for justice of every description. Racial justice. Gender justice. Immigrant justice. Economic justice. Environmental justice.”
17 Great Reasons to Vote
If kicking Trump out isn’t enough of a reason for you to go to the polls this year, here are 17 other great rationales for voting. Why are you voting in 2020? Email us to let us know.
- We deserve equal pay for equal work!
- Expand health care to EVERYONE and make it less expensive.
- Reform our criminal justice system.
- Raise the federal minimum wage.
- Protect our right to choose what we do with our own bodies.
- Get big money out of politics.
- Fully fund public education and create a path to a college degree for anyone who wants one.
- Create a national savings plan for every newborn in the U.S.
- Enact reparations for African Americans.
- Reduce or eliminate student loan debt.
- Make our neighborhoods safer. Enact gun control legislation.
- Provide FREE pre-K to every child in the U.S.
- Legalize marijuana in every state.
- Make it easier, not harder, for immigrants to come to the U.S. No more kids in jails!
- Institute universal basic income.
- End environmental racism and fight for environmental protections for all.
- Stop giving tax breaks to corporations and the rich.
“We have the power to redraw the image of leadership so we can all see ourselves reflected in its face.”
WHO IS RUNNING? KEY BLACK WOMEN TO WATCH in 2020.
In 2020, all eyes are on the race to pick the next president, and as we mentioned above, it’s still a crowded field. To learn more about the Democratic candidates still in the race and determine your favorite for the Democratic nomination, check out The Road to 2020 Powered By Black Women from Higher Heights.
We’re also highlighting some of our sisters running for Congress. Be sure to check back often—we will keep this list updated as the races unfold!
U.S. Representatives Running for Reelection
U.S. Representatives Running for Reelection
Candidates Running for U.S. Senate
Candidates Running for U.S. Senate
Candidates Running for U.S. House of Representatives
Candidates Running for U.S. House of Representatives
“My mother informed me that the way to be a change agent to create change, the first line of defense, or however you want to phrase that, is politics and government.”
GET INVOLVED! FOLLOW tHE 4 v’S.
We know and you know that the most important way you can make change in 2020 is to vote. This means voting no matter what—even if you don’t feel great, have a really busy day at work, or aren’t thrilled by the candidates. Think of voting as a “must do,” like returning your library books.
Definitely vote for a new POTUS, but also be sure to vote for your elected officials at the state and local levels, who may have an even greater impact on your daily life and the lives of those you love.
To vote in the primaries, your state elections, and the 2020 federal elections, you must be a registered voter.
Here’s what you need to know.
- Head over to Vote.org. They have everything you need!
- Check your registration status in 30 seconds.
- Register to vote.
- Determine your voter registration deadlines.
- Find out voting ID requirements for your state.
See 6 Easy Steps to Get Your Vote On! for more information.
In addition to voting, there are plenty of ways to get involved in the elections. You can empower your friends and family by encouraging them to vote and helping them to get to the polls. You can get involved by volunteering for a campaign and supporting your favorite candidate.
As noted in Marie Claire:
“Working for any kind of campaign—mayoral, congressional, presidential—is a way for anybody to directly help create governmental change. Volunteers have an integral role in the outcome of the election by, among other things, registering and mobilizing voters.”
Here’s how to get started.
- Learn about the candidate you’re interested in supporting.
- Research their values and the issues they seek to promote.
- Contact their local campaign office and tell them you want to volunteer your time.
- Sign up! Volunteer opportunities on campaigns abound and include:
- door knocking
- phone banking
- creating and executing “meet and greets” with the candidate
- data entry
- creating yard signs
- stamping envelopes
- and more!
Regardless of how you choose to get involved, your support of a campaign and candidate can have a great impact on the success and morale of the campaign.
We all know that running for office ain’t cheap! And you won’t be surprised to learn that Black women have a harder time raising money than others.
“Regardless of the type of election, Black women raised the least amount of money in 2018. Among female candidates, Black women have raised half as much as Asian American/Pacific Islander candidates or white candidates. This difference exists among male candidates but is not as pronounced.”
See also the table below.
Table 5: Average total receipts by race/ethnicity and gender, House general election candidates
|Asian/Pacific Islander||$2,316,719 (19)||$1,909,018 (16)|
|Black/African American||$1,144,997 (46)||$933,917 (43)|
|Hispanic||$1,507,530 (38)||$1,363,349 (20)|
|Indigenous||$2,104,203 (4)||$3,445,735 (2)|
|White||$1,673,806 (475)||$2,017,768 (155)|
|Middle East/North Africa||$2,104,203 (2)||$1,592,220 (1)|
Supporting candidates financially is not hard to do. Just follow these steps:
- Choose a candidate to support.
- Visit their campaign website and learn more about their stance on the issues. (Make a donation!)
- Invite the candidate to address a group of your friends.
- Spread the word!
- Listen to their stump speech and ask your questions.
- Solicit donations.
- Rinse and repeat!
For more information on Black women (and men) running for office in 2020 and how to support them, check out Higher Heights for America PAC and The Collective PAC. Both organizations provide comprehensive support to Black women (and men) running for office in state and federal elections. If you can, consider making a donation to these organizations too.
We’re not going to lie. With so much in front of us this year, staying hopeful and engaged is a struggle. Our country is definitely in the midst of a constitutional crisis, and this election will be one of the most consequential.
That said, 2020 is also a year for opportunity and optimism. That’s why our fourth V is for Believe.
Over the next several months, we have the opportunity and power to do what Congress could or would not do and get this president out. We have the chance to course-correct the last four years and enact our vision for a more perfect and prosperous union.
Like Harriet Tubman, we must KEEP GOING and keep building our political power at the local, state, and federal levels. We already know what can happen when Black women get involved and get in formation. We win.
MORE RESOURCES FOR YOU
The State of the Union for Black Women in 2020 by BlackHer
One Person, No Vote: How Voter Suppression Is Destroying Our Democracy by Carol Anderson
The Black Census Project by Black Futures Lab
The Status of Black Women in the United States by Domestic Workers Alliance and Institute for Women’s Policy Research
Who Draws the Maps? Legislative and Congressional Redistricting by Brennan Center for Justice